In Guinea, the Federation des Planteurs de la Filiere Fruit de la Basse Guinee (FEPAF-BG) reports the main impacts of coronavirus on the pineapple and mango sectors. For pineapple production, the sector is suffering important losses for the 2020 campaign and if urgent solutions are not taken the programme could be jeopardised. Members are seeing reduction of developed areas, and low availability and high cost of fertilisers. They are unable to supply destination markets (exports to sub-regional markets in Senegal, Gambia, Mali, Sierra Leone, etc.). There is a reduction in trade flows between production and consumption areas at the local level, with difficulties in finding transport and increased transport costs, and unavailability of labour. Producers also report difficulties in meeting loan payment deadlines. FEPAF-BG plans to carry out an analysis of the impact of COVID 19 on production and marketing in the two basins of Kindia and Maferinyah.
In the mango sector, there have been no mango exports this year as the airport and port of Conakry are closed to traffic. The only remaining market, Conakry, is saturated with supplies from all over the world; but above all, access to the Conakry market has become difficult as transporters are prevented from leaving Conakry.
FEPAF-BG has 75 members (4 cooperatives, 12 unions and 59 independent entrepreneurs) representing a total of 1,052 producers (including 209 women) in the prefectures of Kindia, Forécariah, Coyah, Dubréka, Boffa, and Boké. Pineapple is the flagship fruit produced by the members of the federation, but they may also be involved in other production such as bananas, mango and citrus fruit. Some producers are also involved in the oil palm and cashew sectors.
Also in Guinea, Fédération des Paysans du Fouta-Djalon (FPFD; Fouta-Djalon Peasants’ Federation) reports that the hotels, restaurants and popular bars – the main consumers of potatoes in Conakry – are closed. Various ceremonies (weddings, baptisms, religious celebrations) which brought together large numbers of people and which were also occasions for consuming potatoes remain prohibited, further reducing the marketing outlets. Restrictions on the movement of potato sellers from Conakry to the production areas, and vice versa, are another obstacle. Border closures have prevented marketing to regional markets such as Sierra Leone and Liberia. This year, 15,292 tonnes of potatoes were produced, and 3,058 tonnes were sold before the pandemic. Among the 12,234 tonnes remaining, 50% was bought by the Federation and stored in cold rooms. The cost of these potatoes is drastically increasing as Gasol is used to supply cold room generators. So far the cost per kg has already increased 700 GNF. The other 50% was partially sold off by producers at between 3,000 and 2,750 GNF/kg with a loss of 950 GNF/kg compared to production cost. The risk of rotting due to the lack of adequate storage facilities available in the production areas is increasing day by day. At FPFD level, the potato sector has 9,158 members.